This article focuses on the process of looking for work in a specific sector or occupation or applying for a specific job. It will be most useful in cases where a newcomer is not using an employment service. It covers opening the door through a connection; resume preparation; cover letters; LinkedIn profiles; resume tailoring; online search engines/job boards; applying by email or online; job fairs; knocking on doors/Applying on-site; researching the employer; labour market information; job interviews; and following up interviews.
Links to several posts on other websites which may help in explaining to a newcomer what “networking” means, its value, and examples of where to seek such opportunities.
Links to information resources for newcomers wanting to start their own businesses. Includes an outline of various programs offered in the GTA to help newcomers start a business. There is link to sources of financial support and numerous stories reported in the media about refugee newcomers having started their own businesses in Canada.
Information and links on topics to discuss with a newcomer, in preparation for seeking first-time employment in Canada, including: social insurance number; employment insurance; CPP contributions; union dues; pay periods; income tax; classification as an employee vs independent contractor; employee rights; termination within the first three months; and quitting.
An explanation of what employment service providers do and the variety of services they offer; a list of the most frequently-mentioned employment services and other non-profit organizations in the GTA which help refugee newcomers prepare for, and find, employment; eligibility to use an employment service; and how a private sponsor or other volunteer can help a newcomer select an employment service and then collaborate with that service.
An explanation of what a temp or ’employment’ agency does and how it differs from an employment service, as well as a warming to properly research the track record of any temp or employment agency being considered, because not all place their employees in good work environments.
An overview of the different types of training programs available to refugee newcomers in the GTA, some of which are specifically tailored for their circumstances and others of which are targeted to all newcomers, or to all Canadians. The include bridge training programs for internationally-trained professionals, apprenticeships for skilled trades, shorter training programs, and enhanced Language Training (ELT) with skills training.
A description of who generally qualifies as “youth”; employment services and other agencies offering programs specifically targeting refugees, all newcomer youth, or all youth facing barriers to employment, including refugees; with a summary of the Employment Ontario-funded programs, Youth Job Connection, Youth Job Connections Summer, Youth Skills Connections, and Youth Job Link; as well as a link to an article on finding job listing websites for youth.
Information on employment services, programs, and a job board, either designed specifically for, or likely to appeal to, refugee newcomer women. Also included are links to published reports on the particular employment challenges faced by immigrant women in Canada.
This post provides links to other websites for articles on the need to evaluate newcomer education and work skills; service providers of credential evaluation for individuals with degrees from outside of Canada; an in-depth report on the challenges facing refugee newcomers, in terms of being able to provide education and training credentials; and a guide to finding a translator in Ontario.